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The Verb Haber Used to Express Existence

Haber has two uses. The first is as a verb. As such it is conjugated based on the subject (yo, tú, etc.). The second, "Hay," is to express the existence of something, "There is" or "There are". It’s impersonal, invariable and it doesn’t reflect gender, person or number.




There is/There are

Hay lluvia

There is rain/It is raining

¿Qué hay en la clase?

What is in the classroom?

En la clase hay muchos libros.

In the classroom, there are many books.

¿Cuántas bibliotecas hay en la escuela?

How many libraries are there in the school?

Hay una biblioteca en la escuela.

There is one library in the school.