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Uses of the Verbs Dar, Hacer, Poner, Echar, Tener and others

Some verbs, when united with other phrases, convert into expressions with a different meaning and use than the normal verb.

This lesson includes information on:

  1. Acabar
  2. Dar
  3. Dejar
  4. Echar
  5. Haber
  6. Hacer
  7. Ponerse
  8. Tener
  9. Volver

 

1.  Acabar- "Acabar" translates in English as "to finish," however, it can have other meanings in Spanish usually when used with a preposition or as an idiomatic expression.

Spanish

English

Acabar

To finish

Acabar de + infinitivo

To have just…

Acabar por + infinitivo

To finally

 

2.  Dar- "Dar" translates in English as "to give," however, it can have other meanings in Spanish usually when used with a preposition or as an idiomatic expression.

Spanish

English

Dar

To give

Dar cara a

To face/confront

Dar la cara

To face the consequences

Dar la cara por

To defend

Dar un abrazo

To embrace

Dar con

To come upon, to run into, to find

Dar cuerda

To wind

Dar de beber (comer) a

To give a drink to/to feed

Dar en

To strike against, to hit

Dar las gracias

To thank

Dar gritos

To shout

Dar la hora

To strike the hour

Dar un paseo

To take a walk/to go for a ride

Dar por + participio pasado

To accept something

as established

Dar recuerdos

To give regards to

Dar una vuelta

To take a stroll

Darse cuenta de

To realize

Darse la mano

To shake hands

Darse prisa

To hurry

 

3.  Dejar- "Dejar" translates in English as "to leave something or somebody behind- (not for a person) however, it can have other meanings in Spanish usually when used with a preposition or as an idiomatic expression.

Spanish

English

Dejar

To leave

Dejar de

To stop

Dejar caer

To drop

4.  Echar- "Echar" translates in English as "to throw," however, it can have other meanings in Spanish usually when used with a preposition or as an idiomatic expression.

Spanish

English

Echar

To throw

Echar(se) a + infinitivo

To start to

Echar al correo

To mail

Echar la culpa

To blame

Echar de menos

To miss

 

5.  Haber- "Haber" translates in English as "to have," however, it can have other meanings in Spanish usually when used with a preposition or as an idiomatic expression.

Spanish

English

Haber

To have

Hay

There is/There are

Hubo/Había

There was/There were

Habrá

There will be

Habría

There would be

Ha habido

There has (have) been

Haber + infinitivo

To be supposed to, to have to

Haber que + infinitivo

To be necessary

Haber (mucho) lodo

To be muddy

Haber luna

To have moonlight

Haber neblina

To be foggy/misty

Haber polvo

To be dusty

Haber sol

To be sunny

6.  Hacer- "Hacer" translates in English as "to make" or "to do," however, it can have other meanings in Spanish usually when used with a preposition or as an idiomatic expression.

Spanish

English

Hacer

To make/do

Hacer + expresión de tiempo + que + preterito

It has been + length of time + since
It was + length of time + ago

Hace poco

A little while ago

Hacer buen (mal) tiempo

To be good (or bad) weather

Hacer frío

To be cold

Hacer calor

To be warm

Hacer viento

To be windy

Hacer caso

To pay attention, to notice

Hacer de

To work as, to act as

Hacer el papel de

To play the role of

Hacer pedazos/añicos

To break into pieces, to smash

Hacer una pregunta

To ask a question

Hacer una visita

To pay a visit

Hacer un viaje

To take a trip

Hacerse + sustantivo

To become

Hacerse tarde

To become late

Hacer(se) daño

To harm, damage, hurt (oneself)

 

7.  Ponerse- "Poner" translates in English as "to put," however, it can have other meanings in Spanish usually when used with a preposition or as an idiomatic expression.

Spanish

English

Ponerse

To put

Ponerse + adjetivo

To become, to turn

Ponerse a + infinitivo

To begin to, to set about doing

Ponerse de acuerdo

To come to an agreement

 

8.  Tener- "Tener" translates in English as "to have," however, it can have other meanings in Spanish usually when used with a preposition or as an idiomatic expression.

Spanish

English

Tener

To have

Tener calor

To be warm

Tener frío

To be cold

Tener cuidado

To be careful

Tener dolor de cabeza, estómago, etc.

To have a headache, stomache ache, etc.

Tener éxito

To be successful

Tener ganas de

To feel like

Tener hambre

To be hungry

Tener sed

To be thirsty

Tener la culpa

To be to blame for

Tener lugar

To take place

Tener miedo de

To be afraid of

Tener por

To consider

Tener prisa

To be in a hurry

Tener que ver con

To have to do with

Tener razón/No tener razón

To be right/To be wrong

Tener sueño

To be sleepy

Tener suerte

To be lucky

Tener vergüenza de + infinitivo

To be ashamed

Tener celos

To be jealous

 

9.  Volver- "Volver" translates in English as "to return," however, it can have other meanings in Spanish usually when used with a preposition or as an idiomatic expression.

Spanish

English

Volver

To return

Volver a + infinitivo

To do something again

Volver en sí

To regain consciousness, to come to

Volverse + adjetivo

To become