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Uses of the Present Perfect Subjunctive

 

The present perfect subjunctive form is used to express an action that already happened with verbs that express emotion, desire, doubt, and with impersonal expressions of emotion, doubt, negation and desire.     

Some verbs of emotion used with the Present Perfect Subjunctive are:

Spanish

English

Alegrarse

To be happy

Sentir

To feel

Tener

To have

Odiar

To hate

Tener miedo de

To fear

Lamentar

To lament

Gustar

To like

Preocupar

To be preoccupied

Interesar

To interest

Extrañar

To miss

Sorprender

To surprise

Parecer bien

To appear/seem well

Parecer mal

To appear/seem bad

 

Some verbs of desire used with the Present Perfect Subjunctive are:

Spanish

English

Desear

To desire

Esperar

To want/hope for

 

Some verbs of doubt used with the Present Perfect Subjunctive are:

Spanish

English

Dudar

To doubt

Creer

To think/believe

Pensar

To think

Sospechar

To suspect

Suponer

To suppose

 

 

The subjunctive is formed with two clauses:

·         the main clause

·         the dependent clause 

Generally these clauses use the connecting word que.

The two subjects of the same sentence must be different. 

·         The main clause should be in the indicative form: present indicative and future indicative.  

·         The dependent clause should be in the subjunctive form: present perfect subjunctive.

For example:

Spanish

English

Es una lastimaque hayas salido temprano.

It is a shame that you have left early.

Esperoque hayas cumplido la tarea.

I hope that you have completed the homework.