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Uses of the Grammatical Future Tense

There are various uses of the grammatical future tense in Spanish. The future tense expresses an action that is anticipated from the present moment. It also expresses a sense of command in the tú, usted, and ustedes forms. It expresses a probability in the present as well. Also, the formation ir a + infinitive exists to express the near future tense and the verb querer + infinitive is used to solicit something.

This lesson includes information on:

  1. Future Action
  2. Command
  3. Probability in the Present
  4. Near Future Condition
  5. Solicitation

1.  Future Action

The future tense expresses an action or event that will take place in the future.  For example:

Spanish

English

Bailaré en un club mañana.

I will dance in a club tomorrow.

 

 

2.  Command

The future tense can be used to express a command for the future in the tú, usted and ustedes forms.  For example:

Spanish

English

Irás conmigo mañana.

You will go with me tomorrow.

Harán su tarea esta noche.

You will do your homework tonight.

Llegará a tiempo.

You will arrive on time.

 

 

3.  Probability in the Present

The future tense can be used to express probability in the present, or the question “…wonder if….  For example:

Spanish

English

¿Estará tu madre en la casa?

Is your mother home?

I wonder if your mother is home

 

 

4.  The Use of the Colloquial     Ir + a + infinitive

Sometimes called the Near Future Condition, this form expresses something that is going to happen soon,

Spanish

English

Voy a caminar.

I am going to walk.

Van a montar un caballo.

They are going horse back riding.

 

The Ir + a + infinitive expresses a suggestion when used in the “we” form:

Spanish

English

Vamos a limpiar la casa.

Let’s clean the house.

 

 

5.  Solicitation

The future tense can be used to express solicitation when the verb querer is followed by an infinitive in the following form:

 

Querer + infinitive

For example:

Spanish

English

¿Querrás acompañarme al parque?

Do you want to go with me to the park?