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Special Verbs

Some verbs exist in Spanish that are conjugated in a special way.  For example, gustar normally is only conjugated in:

a)      The third person singular 

AND

b)      The third person plural

  • The conjugation relates to the direct subject, where the book (el libro) is the subject that normally comes after the verb gustar in a sentence. 

For example:

           

Spanish

English

Me gusta el libro.

The book is pleasing to me.

 

The relative pronoun (me) is not reflexive.  Instead, it is an indirect object pronoun.  It is important to note that you do not use the personal pronouns, because the subject is the thing you like (the book) and not the person.

The subject could also be a verb, such as:

o        Me gusta estudiar.

o        Estudiar is the subject

  • The conjugation of gustar and other similar verbs, with the phrase of clarification, is:

 

Spanish

Spanish

English

Indirect object (clarification)

Infinitive: Gustar

To Like

A mí

Me gusta(n)

I like (it is pleasing to me)

A ti

Te gusta(n)

You like (it is pleasing to you)

A Usted/a él/a ella

Le gusta(n)

You (formal)/He/She likes (it is pleasing to him/her/you)

A Nosotros

Nos gusta(n)

We like (it is pleasing to us)

A Ustedes/

A Ellos/a Ellas

Les gusta(n)

You (plural) like (it is pleasing to you)/They like (it is pleasing to them