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Present Subjunctive Tense Formation of Regular Verbs

 

The Present Subjunctive Tense is used to express:

·         Uncertainty.  For example, No creo que regresen esta noche. (I don’t think they will return tonight.)

·         Feelings.  For example, Se alegra que venga su amiga. (She is happy that her friend is coming.)

·         Desires.  For example, Quiero que tengas un buen viaje. (I want you to have a good trip.)

·         Hypothetical Situations.  For example, Quizás visite este domingo.  (Perhaps he is visiting this Sunday.) 

 

In Spanish as in English we have the subjunctive tense.  The subjunctive is formed with two clauses:

o        the main clause;

o        the dependent clause 

Generally these clauses are united with the conjunction que.  For example, Espero que hables español.  (I hope that you speak Spanish.) 

 

The two subjects of the same sentence should be different. 

o        The main clause should be conjugated in the indicative form: present, future, and commands. 

o        The dependent clause should be conjugated in the subjunctive form: present subjunctive. 

In order to form the present subjunctive, take the first person singular of the indicative form and change the last vowel O with E for the verbs ending in ar, A for verbs ending in er and ir.  For example, tengo, tenga.   

Here is a conjugation example of a regular verb with an "ar" ending.  These same endings are used for all "regular verbs" that end in "ar",

Spanish

Spanish

English

Subject

Infinitive: Hablar

To Speak

Yo

Hable

I speak

Hables

You speak

Usted/él/ella

Hable

You (formal)/He/She speak

Nosotros

Hablemos

We speak

Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas

Hablen

You (plural) speak/They speak

 

Here is a conjugation example of a regular verb with an "er" ending. These same endings are used for all "regular verbs" that end in "er",

Spanish

Spanish

English

Subject

Infinitive: Comer

To Eat

Yo

Coma

I eat

Comas

You eat

Usted/él/ella

Coma

You (formal)/He/She eat

Nosotros

Comamos

We eat

Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas

Coman

You (plural) eat/They eat

 

Here is a conjugation example of a regular verb with an "ir" ending. These same endings are used for all "regular verbs" that end in "ir",

Spanish

Spanish

English

Subject

Infinitive: Vivir

To Live

Yo

Viva

I live

Vivas

You live

Usted/él/ella

Viva

You (formal)/He/She live

Nosotros

Vivamos

We live

Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas

Vivan

You (plural) live/They live