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Present Perfect Subjunctive Tense Formation of Regular Verbs

 

The Present Perfect Subjunctive Tense is used to express:

·         Uncertainty.  For example, Dudará que hayamos terminado el trabajo. (She/He will doubt that we have finished the work.)

·         Feelings.  For example, Me alegro que te hayas graduado. (I am happy that you have graduated.)

 

In Spanish as in English we have the present perfect subjunctive tense.  The present perfect subjunctive is formed with two clauses:

·         the main clause;

·         the dependent clause 

Generally these clauses are united with the conjunction que.  For example, Espero que hayas practicado el piano.  (I hope that you have practiced the piano.) 

The two subjects of the same sentence should be different. 

·         The main clause should be conjugated in the indicative form: present and future. 

·         The dependent clause should be conjugated in the subjunctive form: present perfect subjunctive. 

The formation of the present perfect subjunctive tense requires the present subjunctive tense of the verb haber + the past participle.  The formation of the present tense of haber is:   

Spanish

Spanish

English

Subject

Infinitive: Haber

To Have

Yo

Haya

I have

Hayas

You have

Usted/él/ella

Haya

You (formal)/He/She has

Nosotros

Hayamos

We have

Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas

Hayan

You (plural) have/They have

For example:

Spanish

Spanish

English

Subject

Infinitive: Hablar

To Speak

Yo

Hayahablado

I have spoken

Hayashablado

You have spoken

Usted/él/ella

Hayahablado

You (formal)/He/She has spoken

Nosotros

Hayamoshablado

We have spoken

Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas

Hayanhablado

You (plural)/They have spoken

 

 

Spanish

Spanish

English

Subject

Infinitive: Comer

To Eat

Yo

Hayacomido

I have eaten

Hayascomido

You have eaten

Usted/él/ella

Hayacomido

You (formal)/He/She has eaten

Nosotros

Hayamoscomido

We have eaten

Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas

Hayancomido

You (plural)/They have eaten

 

 

Spanish

Spanish

English

Subject

Infinitive: Vivir

To Live

Yo

Hayavivido

I have lived

Hayasvivido

You have lived

Usted/él/ella

Hayavivido

You (formal)/He/She has lived

Nosotros

Hayamosvivido

We have lived

Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas

Hayanvivido

You (plural)/They have lived