Skip directly to content

Pluperfect Subjunctive Tense Formation of Regular Verbs

 

The Pluperfect Subjunctive Tense is used to express:

  • Uncertainty.  For example, Dudó que hubiéramos terminado el trabajo. (She/He doubted that we had finished the work.)
  • Feelings.  For example, Me alegré que te hubieras graduado. (I was happy that you had graduated.)

 

In Spanish as in English we have the pluperfect subjunctive tense.  The pluperfect subjunctive is formed with two clauses:

  • the main clause;
  • the dependent clause 

Generally these clauses are united with the conjunction que.  For example, Esperé que hubieras practicado el piano.  (I hoped that you had practiced the piano.) 

 

The two subjects of the same sentence should be different. 

  • The main clause should be conjugated in the indicative form: a past tense. 
  • The dependent clause should be conjugated in the subjunctive form: pluperfect subjunctive. 

 

The formation of the pluperfect subjunctive tense requires the past subjunctive tense of the verb haber + the past participle.  The formation of the past tense of haber is:   

Spanish

Spanish

English

Subject

Infinitive: Haber

To Have

Yo

Hubiera

I had

Hubieras

You had

Usted/él/ella

Hubiera

You (formal)/He/She had

Nosotros

Hubiéramos

We had

Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas

Hubieran

You (plural) had/They had

 

For example:

Spanish

Spanish

English

Subject

Infinitive: Hablar

To Speak

Yo

Hubiera hablado

I had spoken

Hubieras hablado

You had spoken

Usted/él/ella

Hubiera hablado

You (formal)/He/She had spoken

Nosotros

Hubiéramos hablado

We had spoken

Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas

Hubieran hablado

You (plural)/They had spoken

 

 

Spanish

Spanish

English

Subject

Infinitive: Comer

To Eat

Yo

Hubiera comido

I had eaten

Hubieras comido

You had eaten

Usted/él/ella

Hubiera comido

You (formal)/He/She had eaten

Nosotros

Hubiéramos comido

We had eaten

Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas

Hubieran comido

You (plural)/They had eaten

 

 

Spanish

Spanish

English

Subject

Infinitive: Vivir

To Live

Yo

Hubiera vivido

I had lived

Hubieras vivido

You had lived

Usted/él/ella

Hubiera vivido

You (formal)/He/She had lived

Nosotros

Hubiéramos vivido

We had lived

Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas

Hubieran vivido

You (plural)/They had lived