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Indirect Object Pronouns

The Indirect Object is the person who indirectly receives the action. The Indirect Object can be found with the question:

 

  • To whom was the action of the verb indirectly made? For example:
    • John gave the book to Jane.
    • To whom was the action of the verb "gave" indirectly made?
    • Answer: Jane indirectly received the action of the "book" being "given". Therefore, "Jane" is the Indirect Object.
  • The Indirect Object Pronoun can replace the Indirect Object, for example:
    • John gave the book to her (John le dio el libro)
    • "to her" is the Indirect Object Pronoun (le)
  • The Indirect Object Pronouns are:

Spanish

English

Me

To me

Te

To you

Le

To him/her/you

Nos

To us

Les

To them

 
  • In Spanish, very often there is a repetition of the indirect object pronoun, it is called the “redundance” of the indirect object.  For example:
    • John le dio el libro a ella.

“A ella” is not necessary, it is called the “phrase of clarification”. The “le” is necessary.