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Imperfect Tense Conjugation of Regular Verbs

In Spanish, there are two main ways to express actions in the past: the preterit and the imperfect.

The Imperfect Tense is used to describe:

  • Actions repeated in the past (i.e., used to).  For example, "I used to study Spanish every morning."
  • Hours, dates, ages and names in the past.  For example, "It was 8 o'clock when he came home" and "He was 10 years old last year."
  • Description in the past.  For example, "She had brown eyes."
  • Events that don’t have a beginning or an end.  For example, "She studied Spanish in Guatemala."
  • A substitution for the past progressive. For example: I was reading when you called.

Here is a conjugation example of a regular verb with an "ar" ending.  These same endings are used for all "regular verbs" that end in "ar",

Spanish

Spanish

English

Subject

Infinitive: Hablar

To Speak

Yo

hablaba

I spoke

hablabas

You spoke

Usted/él/ella

hablaba

You (formal)/He/She spoke

Nosotros

hablábamos

We spoke

Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas

hablaban

You (plural) spoke/They spoke

 

Here is a conjugation example of a regular verb with an "er" ending. These same endings are used for all "regular verbs" that end in "er",

Spanish

Spanish

English

Subject

Infinitive: Comer

To Eat

Yo

comía

I ate

comías

You ate

Usted/él/ella

comía

You (formal)/He/She ate

Nosotros

comíamos

We ate

Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas

comían

You (plural) speak/They ate

 

Here is a conjugation example of a regular verb with an "ir" ending. These same endings are used for all "regular verbs" that end in "ir"

Spanish

Spanish

English

Subject

Infinitive: Vivir

To Live

Yo

vivía

I lived

vivías

You lived

Usted/él/ella

vivía

You (formal)/He/She lived

Nosotros

vivíamos

We lived

Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas

vivían

You (plural) speak/They lived