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Imperfect Subjunctive Tense Formation of Regular Verbs

 

The Imperfect Subjunctive Tense is used to express:

·         Uncertainty.  For example, Dudé que regresaran esta noche. (I doubted they would return tonight.)

·         Feelings.  For example, Se alegraba que viniera su amiga. (She was happy that her friend is coming.)

·         Desires.  For example, Querría que tuvieras un buen viaje. (I would want you to have a good trip.)

 

In Spanish as in English we have the subjunctive tense.  The subjunctive is formed with two clauses:

·         the main clause;

·         the dependent clause 

 

Generally these clauses are united with the conjunction que.  For example, Esperó que hablaras español.  (She hoped that you speak Spanish.) 

The two subjects of the same sentence should be different. 

·         The main clause should be conjugated in the imperfect indicative, the preterit or the conditional forms. 

·         The dependent clause should be conjugated in the subjunctive form: imperfect subjunctive. 

 

In order to form the imperfect subjunctive, take the third person plural of the preterit indicative tense and change the –ron ending for –ra, -ras, -ra, -ramos, -ran.  For example, bebiera, bebieras.   

Here is a conjugation example of a regular verb with an "ar" ending.  These same endings are used for all "regular verbs" that end in "ar",

Spanish

Spanish

English

Subject

Infinitive: Hablar

To Speak

Yo

Hablara

I speak

Hablaras

You speak

Usted/él/ella

Hablara

You (formal)/He/She speaks

Nosotros

Hablaramos

We speak

Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas

Hablaran

You (plural) speak/They speak

 

Here is a conjugation example of a regular verb with an "er" ending. These same endings are used for all "regular verbs" that end in "er",

Spanish

Spanish

English

Subject

Infinitive: Comer

To Eat

Yo

Comiera

I eat

Comieras

You eat

Usted/él/ella

Comiera

You (formal)/He/She eats

Nosotros

Comieramos

We eat

Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas

Comieran

You (plural) eat/They eat

 

Here is a conjugation example of a regular verb with an "ir" ending. These same endings are used for all "regular verbs" that end in "ir",

Spanish

Spanish

English

Subject

Infinitive: Vivir

To Live

Yo

Viviera

I live

Vivieras

You live

Usted/él/ella

Viviera

You (formal)/He/She lives

Nosotros

Vivieramos

We live

Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas

Vivieran

You (plural) live/They live