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Gerund Formation of Regular Verbs

 

In Spanish as in English with -ing, we have a gerund formed by adding -ando, -iendo. A gerund is invariable and expresses the progress of an action, in the present, in the past or in the future. Estar + a gerund expresses the progress of the action.  A verb of movement + a gerund expresses the gradual development of the action.  Verbs of continuity + a gerund express the continuity of the action. A direct complement pronoun + a verb of perception + a gerund can substitute an infinitive. The gerund as an adverb: modifying a verb, to indicate the form of doing something, when it is related to another verb and the two actions coincide in time. The gerund as an adjective: only two exist in Spanish, ardiendo (burning) and hirviendo (boiling), which is from the irregular verb hervir

The gerund is used to express:

a)      The progress of an action.  For example, Está lloviendo. (It is raining.)

b)      The gradual development of an action.  For example, Ellos salieron hablando del mismo problema. (They left speaking about the same problem.)

c)      The continuity of an action.  For example, Ella continua escribiendo el libro. (She continues writing the book.)

d)      To substitute an infinitive.  For example, La vimos saliendo del cine. (We saw her leaving the movie theater.)

e)      To modify a verb when two actions occur at the same time.  For example, Ella me contestó llorando. (She answered me crying.)

f)       To serve as an adjective.  For example, Puso la vela ardiendo en la mesa. (He put the burning candle on the table.)

·         Here is a conjugation example of a regular verb with an “ar” ending.  These same endings are used for all “regular verbs” that end in “ar”,

Spanish

English

Infinitive: Hablar

To Speak

Hablando

Speaking

 

·         Here is a conjugation example of a regular verb with an “er” ending. These same endings are used for all “regular verbs” that end in “er”,

Spanish

English

Infinitive: Comer

To Eat

Comiendo

Eating

·         Here is a conjugation example of a regular verb with an “ir” ending. These same endings are used for all “regular verbs” that end in “ir”,

Spanish

English

Infinitive: Vivir

To Live

Viviendo

Living