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Gerund Formation of Irregular Verbs

 

The gerund is used to express:

a)      The progress of an action.  For example, La piedra está cayendo. (The rock is falling.)

b)      The gradual development of an action.  For example, Ellos salieron creyendo la misma cosa. (They left believing the same thing.)

c)      The continuity of an action.  For example, Ella continua leyendo el libro. (She continues writing the book.)

d)      To substitute an infinitive.  For example, La vimos durmiendo en el cine. (We saw her sleeping at the movie theater.)

e)      To modify a verb when two actions occur at the same time.  For example, Corrí a la escuela trayendo mis libros. (I ran to school carrying my books.)

f)       To serve as an adjective.  For example, Puso el agua hirviendo en la mesa para el té. (He put the boiling water on the table for the tea.)

Note: All the gerund forms used with “to be” in English should use “estar” en Spanish, never “ser”.

·         Some -er and -ir verbs change the conjugation –iendo ending of the verb to -yendo

The most common verbs with this conjugation are:

Spanish

English

Spanish Conjugation

English Conjugation

Caer

To fall

Cayendo

Falling

Creer

To believe

Creyendo

Believing

Huir

To flee

Huyendo

Fleeing

Ir

To go

Yendo

Going

Leer

To read

Leyendo

Reading

Oír

To hear

Oyendo

Hearing

Traer

To bring

Trayendo

Bringing

Note that these changes in spelling are necessary when there are two consecutive vowels in the verb (with the exception of "ir").

·         Some of the -ir verbs that are irregular in the preterit also change in the gerund form. 

The most common verbs with this conjugation are:

Spanish

English

Spanish Conjugation

English Conjugation

Dormir

To sleep

Durmiendo

Sleeping

Decir

To tell

Diciendo

Telling

Elegir

To choose/To elect

Eligiendo

Choosing/electing

Mentir

To lie

Mintiendo

Lying

Morir

To die

Muriendo

Dying

Pedir

To ask for

Pidiendo

Asking for

Poder

To be able to

Pudiendo

Being able

Preferir

To prefer

Prefiriendo

Preferring

Reír

To laugh

Riendo

Laughing

Seguir

To follow

Siguiendo

Following

Sentir

To feel

Sintiendo

Feeling

Servir

To serve

Sirviendo

Serving

Venir

To come

Viniendo

Coming