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Future Tense Formation of Irregular Verbs

There are 12 verbs that don’t follow the same conjugation rules in the future tense:

Caber

Haber

Poder

Querer

Saber

Decir

Hacer

Poner

Salir

Tener

Valer

Venir

The Future Tense is used to express:

  • What will happen in the future. For example, Pondré la mesa (I will set the table).
  • What is uncertain or probable now. For example, Él sabrá la respuesta(He probably knows the answer).

Notice that the irregular verbs in the future coincide with some irregular verbs in the “yo” person in the present, mainly the ones ending in “go”, given in the first list, plus others such as:

  • Decir  (digo) = diré
  • Hacer (hago) = hare
  • Saber (sé) = sabré

·         For the following verbs, replace the i or the e with d in the verb ending:

Spanish

Subject “yo”

Spanish

Infinitive

English

Pongo

Poner

To put

Salgo

Salir

To leave

Tengo

Tener

To have

Valgo

Valer

To be worth

Vengo

Venir

To come

 

For example:

 

Spanish

Spanish

English

Subject

Infinitive: Poner (to put)

 

Yo

Pondré

I will put

Pondrás

You will put

Usted/él/ella

Pondrá

You (formal)/He/She will put

Nosotros

Pondremos

We will put

Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas

Pondrán

You (plural) will put/They will put

 

·         For the following verbs, leave out the vowel in the verb ending:

 

Spanish

English

Caber

To fit

Haber

To have

Poder

To be able to

Querer

To want

Saber

To know

 

For example:

Spanish

Spanish

English

Subject

Infinitive: Caber (to fit)

 

Yo

Cabré

I will fit

Cabrás

You will fit

Usted/él/ella

Cabrá

You (formal)/He/She will fit

Nosotros

Cabremos

We will fit

Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas

Cabrán

You (plural) will fit/They will fit

·         The last 2 verbs in the group of 12 are stem-changing verbs:

Spanish

Spanish

English

Subject

Infinitive: Decir (to say)

 

Yo

Diré

I will say

Dirás

You will say

Usted/él/ella

Dirá

You (formal)/He/She will say

Nosotros

Diremos

We will say

Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas

Dirán

You (plural) will say/They will say

 

Spanish

Spanish

English

Subject

Infinitive: Hacer (to do, to make)

 

Yo

Haré

I will do (make)

Harás

You will do (make)

Usted/él/ella

Hará

You (formal)/He/She will do (make)

Nosotros

Haremos

We will do (make)

Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas

Harán

You (plural) will do (make)/They will do (make)