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Conditional Tense Formation of Regular Verbs

The conditional is used to express a possible future action that is dependent on some conditions. It also expresses a specific action or an action that one does not know, a probability of an action in the past, and is also used as a courtesy when asking for something. The conditional tense is formed using the infinitive + ending.

The Conditional Tense is used to express:

  1. A future action subject to a condition, an uncertain action.  For example, Leería el libro( si . . .. )(I would read the book . . . if . . .)
  2. What is uncertain or probable in the past.  For example, Probablemente nos esperaría. (He was probably waiting for us.)
  3. A courtesy when asking for something.  For example, ¿Podrías poner la mesa? (Would you set the table?) Or, ¿Podría poner la mesa? (May I set the table?)

Attention! Do not confuse these endings with the imperfect tense. In the imperfect, you drop the endings ar, er, ir. In the future and conditional, you do not drop them!

The endings of the conditional verbs are the same for the three categories of verbs (-ar, -er and –ir)

·         Here is a conjugation example of a regular verb with an "ar" ending. 

Spanish

Spanish

English

Subject

Infinitive: Hablar

To Speak

Yo

Hablaría

I would speak

Hablarías

You would speak

Usted/él/ella

Hablaría

You (formal)/He/She would speak

Nosotros

Hablaríamos

We would speak

Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas

Hablarían

You (plural) would speak/They would speak

 

·         Here is a conjugation example of a regular verb with an "er" ending.

Spanish

Spanish

English

Subject

Infinitive: Comer

To Eat

Yo

Comería

I would eat

Comerías

You would eat

Usted/él/ella

Comería

You (formal)/He/She would eat

Nosotros

Comeríamos

We would eat

Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas

Comerían

You (plural) would eat/They would eat

 

·         Here is a conjugation example of a regular verb with an "ir" ending.

Spanish

Spanish

English

Subject

Infinitive: Vivir

To Live

Yo

Viviría

I would live

Vivirías

You would live

Usted/él/ella

Viviría

You (formal)/He/She would live

Nosotros

Viviríamos

We would live

Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas

Vivirían

You (plural) would live/They would live